Evaluation of the Safety of Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) Implantation in Patients With Chronic Total Coronary Occlusions: Acute Procedural and Short-Term Clinical Results

Goktekin O., YAMAÇ A. H., Latib A., Tastan A., Panoulas V. F., Sato K., ...More

JOURNAL OF INVASIVE CARDIOLOGY, vol.27, no.10, pp.461-466, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.461-466
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Aims. The bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) (Abbott Vascular) provides temporary scaffolding while eluting everolimus. There are limited data on its use in daily practice, especially in patients with stable angina pectoris referred for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs). The current study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of BVS implantation in a selected patient cohort with CTO. Methods. A total of 70 consecutive patients, who underwent successful recanalization of CTO with BVS between September 13, 2012 and September 20, 2014 in three cardiac centers (Department of Cardiology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey; Department of Interventional Cardiology, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy; and EMO-GVM Centro Cuore Columbus, Milan, Italy) were included in this CTO registry. Endpoints analyzed included: (1) the composite of all-cause death and non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI); and (2) the composite safety endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), including death, MI and symptom-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR). Results. Clinical data were obtained for 70 patients (mean age, 56.9 +/- 9.4 years; 90.0% male) with a total number of 76 CTOs. At a median follow-up of 11.0 months (interquartile range, 7-18 months), both MACE and TLR rates were 4.3%. Two patients suffered from ischemia-driven TLR (1 patient at 6 months and 1 patient at 9 months after implantation). No death, MI, or stent thrombosis was observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion. Treatment of CTOs with BVS seems to be safe and effective, with a high technical success rate and acceptable MACE at short-term follow-up.