The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) versus chest radiography (CXR) in children with recurrent respiratory infections. Fifty-one cases, aged 2 months-13 years, who had a history of recurrent respiratory infections, were examined with CXR and HRCT. HRCT showed that 16/51 of the cases had bronchiectasis. CXR revealed findings of bronchiectasis only in 5 of the 16 cases. HRCT showed peribronchial thickening in 18 cases, whereas CXR showed the same finding in 5 patients. Overall, HRCT showed the underlying pathology and sequel of pulmonary lesions in 22 out of 51 cases, and linear densities in 12. Compared with the CXR, HRCT gives much more information. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.