Nepetalactones and other constituents of Nepeta nuda ssp. albiflora


KOKDIL G., YALCIN S., Topcu G.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.23, no.1, pp.99-104, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-104

Abstract

The hexane extract of Nepeta nuda ssp. albiflora led to the isolation of six known monoterpene nepetalactones, 4a alpha, 7 alpha,7a alpha-nepetalactone (1), 4a alpha, 7 beta,7a beta-nepetalactone (2), 4a beta,7 alpha,7a beta-nepetalactone (3), 4a beta,7 alpha,7a alpha-nepetalactone (4), 4a alpha,7 beta,7a beta-nepetalactone (5), 3 alpha-hydroxy-4a alpha,7 alpha,7a alpha-dihydronepetalactone (=nepetalic acid) (6) and a dimeric 5,9-dehydronepetalactone (7) along with two known steroids beta-sitosterol and sitosterol 3-one and a triterpene betulinic acid. The acetone extract of the same plant afforded compound 7 in a higher yield in addition to compounds 2 and 6, and sesquiterpene caryophyllene oxide, the iridoid glucoside 1,5,9-epideoxyloganic acid, the triterpenoids oleanolic, ursolic and betulinic acids, and sitosterol 3 beta-glucoside.