Correlation of endoscopic ultrasonography features with mitotic index in 2-5 cm gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

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Seven G., Arici D. S., Senturk H.

Digestive diseases (Basel, Switzerland), vol.40, pp.14-22, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000516250
  • Journal Name: Digestive diseases (Basel, Switzerland)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.14-22
  • Keywords: Endoscopic ultrasound, Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, Mitotic index, Stomach, NEEDLE TISSUE ACQUISITION, ENDOSONOGRAPHIC DIFFERENTIATION, DIAGNOSIS, STOMACH, BENIGN, BIOPSY, RISK, ASPIRATION
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Predicting the malignancy potential of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) before resection could improve patient management strategies as gastric GISTs with a low malignancy potential can be safely treated endoscopically, but surgical resection is required for those tumors with a high malignancy potential. This study aimed to evaluate endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features of 2- to 5-cm gastric GISTs that might be used to predict their mitotic index using surgical specimens as the gold standard. Patients and Methods: Forty-nine patients (30 females and 19 males; mean age 55.1 +/- 12.7 years) who underwent EUS examinations, followed by surgical resections of 2- to 5-cm gastric GISTs, were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The mean tumor size was 3.44 +/- 0.97 (range 2.1-5.0) cm. A univariate analysis revealed no significant differences in age, sex, and tumor location in the low mitotic index and high mitotic index groups (all p > 0.05). In terms of EUS features, there were no significant differences in the mitotic indexes with respect to the shape, surface lobulation, border regularity, echogenicity, homogeneity, growth patterns, presence of mucosal ulceration, hyperechogenic foci, anechoic spaces, and hypoechoic halos (all p > 0.05). However, the tumor size was larger in the high mitotic index group than that in the low mitotic index group (3.97 +/- 1.05 vs. 3.27 +/- 0.9 cm, p = 0.03). Conclusion: Conventional EUS features are not reliable for predicting the mitotic index of 2- to 5-cm gastric GISTs. Further modalities for predicting the mitotic index are needed to prevent unnecessary surgical resections in patients with a low risk of malignancy.