12. ULUSLARARASI İSTANBUL BİLİMSEL ARAŞTIRMALAR KONGRELERİ, Ankara, Turkey, 21 - 23 January 2023, pp.39
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN INFERTILE
Rabia Aytekin 1 *, Inst. See. Merve Meşedüzü 2, Merve Çakmak 3, Senanur Köse 4,
Sevilay Tosun 5, Derya Yavuz 6, Şevval Bingül7
* 1 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY. 2 Bezmialem Vakif
University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY. 3 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty
of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY. 4 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences,
Department of Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY. 5 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of
Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY. 6 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Istanbul,
TURKEY. 7 Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Istanbul, TURKEY.
ORCID Code: 0000-0002-3240-702X
Infertility is the absence of pregnancy for at least 1 year despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse
in couples. In our country, infertility is seen as a defect or deficiency in individuals.
Violence against women, on the other hand, is any kind of behavior that is based on gender, that hurts
or harms women, has the potential to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm, that puts pressure
on her in public or in her private life, and causes arbitrary restriction of her freedoms.
Researches; it has been determined that infertile women are most exposed to emotional, verbal,
economic and sexual violence, education level, family type, place of residence, marriage type and
spouse age are factors that increase domestic violence.
In some regions, there is a belief that the absence of a child is a woman’s problem and that even the
sex of the child born depends on the woman. Therefore, regardless of the cause of infertility, women
personalize and lose self-confidence. In the studies conducted, women stated that they were worn out
because of the questions asked about the child, that they were exposed to critical and contemptuous
innuendo, that they felt incomplete, guilty and inadequate when their spouses loved the children of
others, that they were excluded, that they faced threats of divorce or insulting their mother-in-law.
In a study conducted in Van, 41 out of 122 infertile women were found to have experienced domestic
violence. In 32 of these women, domestic violence was perpetrated for the first time by their spouses
after they were diagnosed with infertility.
In studies conducted in Pakistan and Africa, it is known that infertile women are called carriers of bad
luck by the society, therefore they are not invited to social events such as weddings, celebration of the
birth of a new baby, and they are kept away from girls as it may make them infertile.
As a method of coping with this situation of infertile women; It has been determined that they use
hope, spousal relations, self-investment and seeking social support, acceptance and spiritual coping. As
domestic violence against women increases, coping decreases.
12th International İstanbul Scientific Research Congress
on Health Sciences Proceedings Book
Considering all these studies, nurses who care for infertile individuals; should observe all types
of violence such as domestic violence, psychological violence, sexual violence, identify and evaluate
the stressors they experience, physical and mental changes, and use their roles such as advocacy,
rehabilitator, educator, and counselor well, and use appropriate coping methods for the determined
individuals, they should provide guidance to organizations where they can get help, such as individual
and family counseling support.
Keywords: infertility, violence, women, violence against women.
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