Evaluation of toxic effects of chemotherapy in lung malignancies on cerebral white matter using diffusion tensor imaging.

Aydin S., Demir T., Turk H. M., Cesme D. H., Aliyev A., Ali Gultekin M., ...More

Radiology and oncology, vol.56, no.2, pp.150-155, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/raon-2022-0017
  • Journal Name: Radiology and oncology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.150-155
  • Keywords: diffusion tensor imaging, chemotherapy, carboplatin, cisplatin, carcinoma, non-small-cell lung cancer, STRUCTURAL-CHANGES, CANCER
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Background Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Carboplatin and cisplatin based regimens are used in the treatment of NSCLC. The aim of the study was to find out whether there is a difference in white matter (WM) changes between two platinum-based chemotherapy agents using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Patients and methods 25 patients who received chemotherapy for NSCLC and 27 age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD) and radial diffusivity (RD) values of the study population were measured from 11 regions of interest in pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy MRI data. Results Cisplatin group showed a significant decrease in the FA of the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (P = 0.028). Carboplatin group showed a significant FA decrease and RD increase in the forceps minor (P = 0.022 and P = 0.011, respectively), and a significant reduction in AD and increase in MD in frontal white matter (WM) (P = 0.008 and P = 0.029, respectively). In comparison of post chemotherapy DTI values of the two groups, carboplatin group showed lower FA, and higher MD and RD values than cisplatin group in parieto-occipital WM (P = 0.034, P = 0.034, P = 0.029, respectively). Conclusions The findings of the study suggest that subtle effects of chemotherapy detectable with DTI may emerge after the treatment. In addition, carboplatin regimen may have more impact on WM than cisplatin regimen.