The term gossypiboma is used to describe a retained surgical sponge after operation. It is a rare but it is associated with severe medical and legal consequences. The diagnosis can be missed despite radiological investigations. We report a case of a 15-year-old female who presented with fever, cough, dyspnea and hemoptysis. She had a history of hydatid cyst operation 2 years ago. Post-discharge follow up occurred for two years on hospital where hydatid cyst surgery had been done. Radiological investigations were inconclusive in detecting the retained sponge despite radiopaque marker. So gossypiboma should be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis in postoperative cases presenting as persistent respiratory symptoms after the operation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.