Journal of Dentistry, vol.127, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Elsevier LtdObjectives: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the trueness of scanning the post space up to 20 mm with an intraoral scanner (IOS). Methods: We captured 20-, 18-, 16-, 14-, 12-, and 10-mm length post space scans using an IOS (Primescan) eight times each by shortening the apical 2 mm end of the same mandibular canine tooth. The reference impressions of each length group were taken using a light-body polyvinyl siloxane impression material and were scanned with an extraoral scanner. The recorded standard tessellation language (STL) data of all impressions were uploaded to a 3D matching program for the trueness evaluation via the root mean square (RMS) calculation. For the statistical analysis, the Kruskal-Wallis and post-hoc Mann-Whitney U nonparametric tests were performed to compare the differences among the groups (α=0.05). Results: The median RMS values increased in direct proportion to the length of the post space from 10 mm (357.1 µm) to 20 mm (897.5 µm). We noted a significant difference among groups (p< 0.001). In the pairwise comparisons, there were no significant differences between the 14 mm and 16 mm groups (p=0.431) or between the 18 mm and 20 mm groups (p=0.036), while other paired groups showed significant differences (p=0.001). Conclusions: The scanned space depth affected the trueness of the IOS (Primescan). If the post depth was below 14 mm, and the minimum diameter was 2.2 mm, Primescan could be used for impressions of the post-core structure, simplifying the impression procedure. Clinical significance: IOS seems to be a promising technology for taking digital impressions of post spaces, but cannot be recommended as a routine procedure at its present stage, as final results are highly dependent on the clinical situation. Further studies with different IOS systems are needed to gain sound evidence.