Audiological findings in pediatric perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients


Nursoy M. A. , AKSOY F., Dogan R. , Ozturan O. , Eren S. B. , VEYSELLER B., et al.

EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, cilt.271, ss.1031-1036, 2014

  • Cilt numarası: 271 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00405-013-2628-4
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1031-1036

Özet

Allergic rhinitis is the type 1 hypersensitivity reaction of the nasal mucosa and its primary mediator is Ig E. It is most frequently observed in children and adolescents. Our purpose in this study is to investigate the impact of allergy on hearing functions in children with perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy). 50 perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients (33 male, 17 female patients, aged between 6 and 15, average age 10.4) and 20 control patients (12 male, 8 female, aged between 6 and 15, average age 11.2) underwent high frequency pure tone audiometry, acoustic reflex, otacoustic emission (OAE) and auditory brainstem potentials to assess their auditory functions. No statistically significant difference was detected between the study group and the control group with respect to their hearing thresholds (250-16,000 Hz). No statistically significant difference was detected as a result of the comparison between the study group and control group in terms of their signal-noise ratios at Distortion Product OAE in all frequencies (996-8,004 Hz). No statistically significant difference was detected between the study group and the control group in terms of the 1st, 3rd and 5th wave latencies and 1-3, 3-5 and 1-5 inter-peak values. This study is the first study where the audiological functions of the pediatric perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients were assessed. No significant difference was detected between the group of pediatric perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients and the control group with respect to their audiological functions.