In this study we aimed to establish the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) reference values of healthy Turkish women and men residing in Izmir, western Turkey. We examined 347 women and 119 men (age range 20-80 years) who did not have any known risk factor that might affect bone mass. The BMD measurements were performed by Hologic QDR 4500 W Elite DXA instrument from the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and non-dominant hip. In women the mean BMD (g/cm(2))+/-standard deviation (SD) of the normal reference group between 20 and 39 years of age was 0.963+/-0.121 g/cm(2) in the lumbar spine and 0.891+/-0.119 g/cm(2) in total femoral region. The percentages of annual and total BMD losses in women between 30 and 80 years of age were 0.74 and 29% at spinal level and 0.65 and 26% in femoral region, respectively. The average BMD of the normal men's group between 20 and 39 years of age was 0.996+/-0.111 g/cm2 in the lumbar spine and 1.025+/-0.110 g/cm(2) in femoral region. The percentages of annual and total BMD losses were 0.33 and 13% at spinal level and 0.50 and 20% in femoral region, respectively. In conclusion, like the values reported from mid-Anatolian region of Turkey, the BMD values of Turkish women and men residing in Izmir, western Anatolia, are also lower than in most European countries with regard to US and preinstalled Hologic values.