Association between nutritional status and Modic classification in degenerative disc disease


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Seyithanoglu H. , Aydin T. , Taspınar O., Camlı A., Kızıltan H., Eris A. H. , ...More

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY SCIENCE, vol.28, pp.1250-1254, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1589/jpts.28.1250
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1250-1254

Abstract

[Purpose] This study was conducted to examine the association between Modic classification and the eating habits in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD) and to determine the influence of nutrition on disease severity. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty patients with DDD visiting a low back pain outpatient clinic were enrolled. Through face-to-face interviews, they completed questionnaires regarding their demographics, disease activity, smoking and alcohol use, concomitant diseases, disease duration, and nutritional status. Exclusion criteria were age <20 years or >65 years, other comorbidities, missing MRI data, and inability to speak Turkish. [Results] Forty patients were finally included in the study. The frequency with which they consumed water, salt, fast food, eggs, milk, yogurt, cheese, whole wheat bread, white bread, butter, and margarine was recorded. A weak negative correlation was observed between the Modic types and fish and egg consumption. [Conclusion] Modic changes, which indicate the severity of DDD, seem to be correlated to patients' dietary habits. However, studies with comparison groups and larger samples are needed to confirm our promising results before any cause-and-effect relationship can be proposed.