Management of Medially Displaced Sub-Condylar Mandibular Fractures in Pediatric Population Using Novel Atraumatic Approach


Aksoyler D., Dogan F., Bolletta A., ŞENGENÇ E. , Sonmez T., Yavan M. A.

JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.32, no.3, pp.851-854, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000006993
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.851-854

Abstract

The appropriate treatment of pediatric mandibular condyle fractures is subject to much debate and concern among surgeons, with improper treatment potentially resulting in a number of adverse outcomes. Such outcomes include the disruption of mandible growth, decreased posterior facial height, facial asymmetry, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Several surgical and nonsurgical approaches to these fractures have been described in the literature; however, each one carries its own risk of various complications. In this study, the authors illustrate a new atraumatic approach for mild to moderately displaced subcondylar fractures, with least possible complications and unexpected outcomes. In this study, 6 patients (2 female and 4 male) with unilateral medially displaced condylar base and neck fractures, angulated between 30 and 45 degrees, were treated using a novel intraoral approach. The follow-up period varied from 12 to 18 months. All patients achieved normal occlusion and had painless functioning of the temporomandibular joint with proper mouth opening (>35 mm) without any recurrence at long term follow up. This minimally invasive approach could eliminate the possibility of major complications and be considered a safe and feasible surgical technique for certain cases of pediatric mandibular condyle fracture.