Combined Treatment with Kinesiotape and Soft Tissue Mobilization on Child with Idiopathic Tiptoe-Walking: A Case Report


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Gözaydınoğlu Ş.

9th Excellence in Pediatrics Conference, Vienna, Avusturya, 7 - 09 Aralık 2017, ss.29

  • Yayın Türü: Bildiri / Özet Bildiri
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/2331205x.2017.1408251
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Vienna
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Avusturya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.29

Özet

Introduction: The tiptoe walking is diagnosed as idiopathic (habitual) if no signs of neurological, orthopaedic, or psychiatric disease are detected (for instance, cerebral palsy (CP), Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, congenitally short Achilles’ tendon, or autism). While it’s not abnormal for children to walk on their toes for a short period when they first begin to ambulate, prolonged toe walking is not a component of normal development. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of combined treatment for a child with Idiopathic tiptoe walking (ITW). Case Report: A 20 month old boy with ITW who had a positive family history of ITW was admitted to our hospital. Pathology was not detected in his cranial MR. His family reported that he began to walk when he was 12 months old. He had no fixed plantar flexion contracture but we examined tightness his left calf muscles. Facilitation techniques of Kinesio Tape (KT) were applied to left tibialis anterior muscle three times a week. Soft tissue mobilization (STM) is the application of specific and progressive manual forces with the intent of promoting changes in the myofascia, allowing for elongation of shortened structures. STM was performed left gastrosoleus muscle group twice a day. In addition to KT and STM, gentle stretching exercises were taught to his family as a home exercise program to support the treatment process. Total treatment program lasted 8 weeks. His assessments were done weekly, by photographs and video recordings, while he is walking bare-foot. Conclusion: According to the literature it is considered normal for children to walk on their toes until the age of 2-3. On the other hand early intervention programs are significant in rehabilitation. In our case we noticed that he could continue tiptoe walking and remain this type of walking as behaviourally. Our results showed that combined treatment with KT and STM had positive results. When video recordings were compared it was clear that he accomplished walking with a heel strike. Tightness in his left calf muscles was decreased and muscle tone was normal. According to our results KT and STM can be used as conservative method for children with ITW. Further studies should be planned with higher participation rates.