COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY, vol.52, no.6, pp.644-649, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
Mental retardation (MR) is common and lifelong. In children and adolescents with MR, the rate of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder is higher than that in the general population. However, there are no previous sufficient data that exist in establishing a relationship between ADHD and manic symptoms. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between manic symptoms and ADHD as well as oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) in children with MR of unknown etiology (MR-UE).