Is there a relationship between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and manic symptoms among children with mental retardation of unknown etiology?

Fidan T., Kirpinar I., ORAL M., Kocak K.

COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY, vol.52, no.6, pp.644-649, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2010.11.007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.644-649
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Mental retardation (MR) is common and lifelong. In children and adolescents with MR, the rate of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder is higher than that in the general population. However, there are no previous sufficient data that exist in establishing a relationship between ADHD and manic symptoms. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between manic symptoms and ADHD as well as oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) in children with MR of unknown etiology (MR-UE).