Ethanol extract of Cotinus coggygria leaves accelerates wound healing process in diabetic rats


AKSOY H., ŞEN A., SANCAR M., ŞEKERLER T., AKAKIN D., BİTİŞ L., et al.

PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY, cilt.54, ss.2732-2736, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 54 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/13880209.2016.1181660
  • Dergi Adı: PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.2732-2736

Özet

Context:Cotinus coggygria Scop. (Anacardiaceae) leaves that were used as wound healing in traditional Balkan and Anatolian folk medicine, could be potentially effective in treating diabetic wounds.Objective: This study investigates biochemical and histological effects of ethanol extract of C. coggygria (CCE) on excision wound model in diabetic rats.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on diabetic Wistar albino rats, which were injected by a single dose (50mg/kg i.p.) streptozotocin. Afterward an excision wound model was created in all animals; diabetic control rats were applied topically simple ointment and diabetic treatment rats were applied topically 5% (w/w) ointment with CC, once a day during the experimental period. Malondialdehyde, glutathione and hydroxyproline levels in wound tissues were investigated at the end of 3rd, 7th, and 14th days. Histopathological examination was also performed.Results: Hydroxyproline content was significantly increased in the CCE treated group versus control after the 3rd and 7th days (15.33 versus 11.83; 19.67 versus 15.67mg/g, p<0.05; respectively). A statistically significant elevation in glutathione at the end of 3rd, 7th, and 14th days (5.13 versus 1.58, p<0.05; 4.72 versus 1.88, p<0.05; 3.83 versus 1.88mol/g, p<0.05, respectively) and a statistically significant decrease in malondialdehyde level at the end of 7th day (4.49 versus 1.48nmol/g, p<0.05) were determined in the treated group versus control group. These results were also supported by histological analyses.Discussion and conclusion: These findings indicate that CCE accelerated the cutaneous wound healing process in diabetic wounds, in confirmation of its traditional use.