The aims of the present study were to evaluate 1-year retention in program and buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP/NAL) treatment,and abstinence of heroin-dependent adolescents. The present study included the follow-up information of 112 heroin dependent adolescents who took BUP/NAL treatment for the first time in a specific inpatient unit Retention and abstinence were assessed by self-report and urine drug screen at each visit. Mean age was 16.9 years, with 101 (90.2%) male. Program retention was 81.3% at day 30, and 24.1% at 1 year, while retention in BUP/NAL treatment was 69.6% at day 30 and 16.1% at 1 year. Rates of abstinence were 69.0% at day 30 and 10.3% at 1 year. There was a significant positive correlation between duration of inpatient treatment and program retention, treatment retention, abstinence (p < 0.05 for all), and between the dose and treatment retention, abstinence (p < 0.05 for both). Patients with comorbid psychiatric disease were more likely to be retained in treatment for 3 months, and in program for 6 months (p < 0.05, for all). Patients who completed inpatient treatment were more likely to be retained in treatment for 1 year, and in program for 9 months, and to be abstinent for 1 year (p < 0.05, for all). Findings suggested that starting BUP/NAL treatment in an inpatient unit might result in better outcomes compared to literature. Duration of inpatient treatment, the completion of inpatient treatment, BUP/NAL dose, and having a comorbid psychiatric disease seemed to be important factors for heroin-dependent adolescents in retention and abstinence within 1-year period. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.