Halal Food and Metrology: Ethyl Alcohol Contents of Beverages

Gunduz S., Yilmaz H., Goren A. C.

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL METROLOGY, vol.7, no.1, pp.7-9, 2013 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-9
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: No


In this study, ethyl alcohol contents of different kinds of beverages, vinegars, vegetables and fruits collected from Turkish markets were investigated using HS-GC-FID method. While the ethanol contents of fruits, vinegars and beverages were found to vary between 0.32x10(-4)-0.35% (w/w), apple vinegar and concentrated orange syrup were determined to contain as high as 0.44 and 0.68% (w/w) ethanol, respectively. The grape juice (called as "sira" in Turkish), acquired from a restaurant in Istanbul, consisted of 2.11% ethanol, and its level reached to 5.60 % in 10 days. As these findings are very critical for Muslim consumers and for the Helal Community, there is an urgent need to survey these kinds of products in the market.