Human Immunology, vol.83, no.2, pp.113-118, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Background: Basic and clinical studies about parathyroid allotransplantation have to be utilized with more definitive criteria for longer graft survival. Several reports demonstrated different isolation and cultivation methods for parathyroid cells to minimize their immunogenicity. In this study, we aim to compare and evaluate the clinical characteristics and the status of HLA class II expression changes in parathyroid tissue.
Methods: A total of 22 parathyroid hyperplasia tissue donors was included in this study. Clinical characteristics were evaluated and compared with the HLA-DR, -DP, -DQ mRNA, and protein expression levels which were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot.
Results: We have compared the clinical characteristics (age, dialysis duration, frequency, recurrency of hyperparathyroidism and, calcimimetic usage) and HLA class II expression. HLA class II mRNA and protein levels showed varied expression patterns between tissues. Only, the HLA-DP has high mRNA expression levels without affecting the protein level when compared with the ages of the tissue donors. In addition, the HLA-DR, HLA-DP, and HLA-DQa1 protein expression levels showed a permanent and varied expression rate between tissues.
Conclusion: Expression of HLA class II molecules in parathyroid cells appears to constitute a decisive factor. Despite the lack of clinical outcomes, present data proposes new insight with a detailed understanding of parathyroid immunogenicity. In the future, randomized controlled clinical trials are needed for the accurate assessment of the effect of the varied HLA class II expression profiles in parathyroid tissue.