Splenic hydatic cyst as a cause of sinistral portal hypertension and isolated gastric variceal bleeding

Kantarceken B., Cetinkaya A., Bulbuloglu E., Demirpolat G.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, vol.21, no.3, pp.317-320, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.4318/tjg.2010.0109
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.317-320
  • Keywords: Spleen, cyst hydatid, sinistral portal hypertension, bleeding
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: No


A 60-year-old male, living in a rural area, presented with recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Isolated fundal varices were seen on endoscopy. A lesion similar to cyst hydatid was seen in the spleen on abdominal ultrasonography and computerized tomography scanning. Also, sinistral (left-sided) portal hypertension and collaterals were seen due to the compression of the splenic vein by the cyst. Indirect hemagglutination antibody test for Echinococcus granulosus was positive. By screening, no other cyst was found in any other site of the body. The patient underwent open abdominal surgery, and the anterior wall of the cyst was resected partially; within it were multiple daughter cysts and hydatid fluid. After decontamination of the daughter cysts and hydatid fluid, germinative membrane omentoplasty was performed with apart of the omentum. However, the patient suffered from recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding postoperatively and he was re-evaluated. Later, splenectomy was performed in order to relieve left-sided portal hypertension. The patient did not experience further bleeding and gastric varices disappeared following splenectomy.