Development, Validity and Reliability of the 4-point Likert Turkish version of Cognitive Failures Questionnaire

Yapıcı Eser H., İnan M. Y., Küçüker M. U., Kılıçsız C. M., Yılmaz S., Dinçer N., ...More

Annals of Medical Research, vol.27, no.6, pp.1650-1656, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Aim: Cognitive failures are suggested to be a transdiagnostic endophenotype that increases the vulnerability for psychiatricdisorders. Broadbent’s Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ), is among the most widely used scales to assess cognitive functionobserved in an ecological manner. Despite its wide use in research and correlation with biological markers, CFQ is criticized forits unstable factorial structure among studies and 5-Likert structure that may lead to bias for neutral answers. Here we aimed todevelop a 4-Likert Turkish version of CFQ, search its validity, reliability and factorial structure.Material and Methods: CFQ has been translated to Turkish in two steps. CFQ, Perceived Deficit Questionnaire-D (PDQ-D), BeckDepression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were applied to 272 participants (187 healthy controls, 55 patientsdiagnosed with depression, 30 patients diagnosed with anxiety disorder).Results: The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 4-Likert Turkish version of CFQ was found as 0.91. Principal component analysisextracted five factors and explained 53.7 % of total variance. CFQ scores were significantly different among groups. Both depressiveand anxious groups reported higher CFQ scores compared to controls. CFQ significantly and strongly correlated with PDQ-D andshowed a moderate correlation with BDI and BAI.Conclusion: 4-Likert Turkish version of CFQ is a valid and reliable tool to assess cognitive failures in non-demented groups. Ouranalysis revealed a five factorial structure for CFQ, however previous literature with the 5-Likert version shows different factorstructures and does not indicate a dimensional stability.