Comparison of different decision support software programs in perspective of potential drug-drug interactions in the oncology clinic

Bektay M. Y., Şeker Z., Eke H. K., Türk H. M., İzzettin F. V.

JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY PHARMACY PRACTICE, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/10781552221104814
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Drug-drug interaction, clinical decision support software, oncology, clinical pharmacist, CANCER, DEPRESSION, PREVALENCE
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction One of the most intriguing situations for healthcare providers is cancer therapy. Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) account for 20-30% of all adverse effects. Cancer patients are more likely to have potential-DDIs since they are taking other drugs with anticancer treatments to prevent the side effects of chemotherapeutic agents. The purpose of this research is to compare various decision support software (CDSS) programs in terms of potential DDIs. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out. A clinical pharmacist assessed the treatment regimens of 231 cancer patients. pDDIs were evaluated using three sources: Lexicomp (R), Medscape (R), and Micromedex (R). The ethical approval was given in November 2017 with decision number 21/286. Results A total of 231 participants who were receiving therapy and had a median age of 61.5 +/- 9.18 years were assessed. Almost half of the patients (49%) were female, and 155 had at least one comorbidity in addition to cancer. Medscape had a substantial pDDI ratio of 7.09%, Micromedex had a ratio of 11.15%, and Lexicomp had a ratio of 19.50%. The total number of pDDIs for major/X/contraindicated were 363-2716 (1.56-11.7 pDDI/patient) for Medscape (R), 60-1723 (0.26-7.4 pDDI/patient) for Micromedex, and 145-984 (0.62-2.24 pDDI/patient) for Lexicomp (R). One of the most common pDDI found was diclofenac and dexamethasone. Interactions between escitalopram and granisetron were also common, and different CDSSs made different recommendations. Conclusions In this study, significant disparities in the quantity and severity of CDSS across distinct CDSS were discovered. One of the major finding of our study was suboptimal prescribing. To address this issue, regulatory organizations should establish and verify validation and reporting mechanisms.