Association of trochlear dysplasia with knee meniscal–cartilage damage and anterior cruciate ligament mucoid degeneration

Atay M., YILMAZ T. F., Sarı L., TOPRAK H.

Clinical Radiology, vol.78, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.crad.2022.08.123
  • Journal Name: Clinical Radiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 The Royal College of RadiologistsAIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate meniscal and tibiofemoral cartilage injury in patients with trochlear dysplasia (TD) and investigate whether there were correlations between TD grade and meniscal and cartilage injury. In addition, the relationship between TD and mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL-MD) was investigated. MATERİALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of 133 patients with TD were included in the study. TD was graded (types A, B, C, D). The tibial tuberosity (TT)–TG distance was also measured. The ACL was assessed for ACL-MD. Both menisci were evaluated for the degeneration and tears. Medial–lateral tibial plateau (MTP–LTP), medial–lateral femoral condyles (MFC–LFC), and trochlear cartilage were examined for focal cartilage defect (FCD). RESULTS: ACL-MD was present in 42 of the patients with TD (31.6%). There was a significant positive relationship between ACL-MD and TT–TG distance. Meniscal tear was detected in 40 (30.1%) of all patients. FCD were detected in the tibiofemoral compartments in 41 (30.8%) of 133 patients. There was a significant positive relationship between the presence of FCD in the LFC and the type of TD (p<0.01). FCD was present in the LFC of all cases in the type D. A significant positive relationship was found between the TT–TG distance and the presence of FCD, especially in the anterior part of LFC (p<0.01). There was a significant relationship between the lateral trochlear cartilage defect and the type of dysplasia (p=0.037). CONCLUSİON: TD is a significant risk factor for ACL-MD, meniscal, and tibiofemoral cartilage injury.