TRANSFUSION MEDICINE AND HEMOTHERAPY, vol.32, no.5, pp.252-254, 2005 (SCI-Expanded)
Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease (TA-GvHD) is in most cases refractory to immunosuppressive therapy and fatal because of severe bone marrow aplasia. Mucormycosis is a rare invasive fungal infection, but it has clinical importance because of its often delayed diagnosis and high mortality. Invasive mucomycosis is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus, neutropenia, severe immunodeficiencies following steroid therapy, organ transplantation, cytotoxic chemotherapy, and AIDS. We present a case of lethal rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis after TA-GvHD in an initially healthy patient.