Bezmialem Science, vol.9, pp.19, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)
Introduction: Forensic reports requested by the judicial authorities and determining the medical condition of the person are frequently written in the emergency services of hospitals. In our study, we evaluated the forensic reports retrospectively. Thus, we aimed to increase the awareness of physicians working in the emergency department about forensic reports. Method: Our study was conducted by retrospectively evaluating the forensic reports written between 01.09.2020 and 30.09.2020. A form containing all the parameters that should be in forensic reports was used in the study. Results: A total of 199 forensic reports were examined. The rate of men was 78.9% and their mean age was 34.26[+ or -]11.89 years. The rate of women was 21.1% and their average age was 37.21[+ or -]12.54 years. Traffic accidents were in the first place among the forensic case reasons with a rate of 32.2%. Other reasons were cuts (19.6%), assaults (12.1%), blunt traumas (10.1%), falls (9.5%), poisonings (6.5%), stab injuries (4.5%), burns (2.5%), and gunshot wounds (2%). The most frequently injured body part was the upper extremity with a rate of 56.3%. Applications were made most frequently between 06:00 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 35.2% of the reports were prepared due to work-related accidents. Only 12.1% of the reports were written as definitive reports. Conclusion: Physicians working in emergency services need to know how to write a forensic report. There were some deficiencies that we encountered when we examined the forensic reports during our study; incident time, general condition and consciousness of the patient, physical examination findings, detailed description of the lesions were not available. In addition, in some of these reports, the existence of a life-threatening condition and the presence of a condition requiring simple medical intervention were not specified. Physicians should be constantly informed about the issue of forensic reports, both before and after graduation, and their legal responsibilities should be explained.