The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Bioglue as a mechanical barrier with or without biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) in a rat tibia model. Sixty Sprague Dawley male rats weighing 250 +/- 20 g and 10 to 12 weeks of age were studied. Unicortical defects were created on the right tibia of all rats. Subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups. BioGlue group (24 rats); BioGlue alone, Graft group (24 rats); BioGlue+BCP and Control group; unfilled and uncovered (12 rats). Animals were euthanized at 7th, 21st, and 45th days postoperatively for histological and histomorphometric analyses. BioGlue material exhibited no adverse effects until the end of observation period. Bone-healing scores did not differ statistically between Control and BioGlue group, but found to be lower in Graft group on 21st and 45th days, (P<0.001 and P<0.01 on the 21st day and P<0.01 and P<0.05 on the 45th day, respectively). New bone formation in Graft group was found to be statistically different from Control group on the 7th and 21st days (P<0.01 and P<0.05 respectively), whereas no statistical difference was observed between BioGlue and Control group at all times. The present analysis indicates that BioGlue functioned well as a mechanical barrier allowing new bone formation. No additional benefit of combination treatment was detected in this study design and BCP did not offer any advantage for bone regeneration, thus it can serve as only a space maintainer.