Salivary IL-33 and sST2 levels in relation to TLR2 rs111200466 polymorphism and periodontitis

Yilmaz M., He Q., Demir E., Teräsjärvi J., Gürsoy U. K.

Oral Diseases, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/odi.14675
  • Journal Name: Oral Diseases
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: genetics, inflammation, interleukins, periodontal debridement, periodontal diseases, toll-like receptors
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2) signalling pathway is involved in the regulation of interleukin (IL)-33 and its receptor suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (ST2). This study aimed to compare salivary IL-33 and soluble ST2 (sST2) levels of periodontitis patients with those of periodontally healthy individuals in relation to their TLR2 rs111200466 23-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism within the promoter region. Materials and Methods: Unstimulated saliva samples were collected, and periodontal parameters were recorded from 35 periodontally healthy individuals and 44 periodontitis patients. Non-surgical treatments were applied to periodontitis patients, and sample collections and clinical measurements were repeated 3 months following therapy. Salivary IL-33 and sST2 levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, and TLR2 rs111200466 polymorphism was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Results: Elevated salivary IL-33 (p = 0.007) and sST2 (p = 0.020) levels were observed in periodontitis patients, in comparison to controls. sST2 levels declined 3-months following treatment (p < 0.001). Increased salivary IL-33 and sST2 levels were found to be associated with periodontitis, with no significant relation to the TLR2 polymorphism. Conclusion: Periodontitis, but not TLR2 rs111200466 polymorphism, is associated with elevated salivary sST2 and possibly IL-33 levels, and periodontal treatment is effective in reducing salivary sST2 levels.