Aging clinical and experimental research, vol.33, pp.2599-2603, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
This study was aimed to compare early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), the two most common types of dementia in the elderly, in terms of the prevalence of geriatric syndromes. Patients with early-stage dementia with DLB and AD were included, and were questioned in terms of geriatric syndromes including polypharmacy, malnutrition, frailty, sarcopenia, dynapenia, orthostatic hypotension (OH), urinary and fecal incontinence, falls, fear of falling (FoF), depression, insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, pressure ulcers. Of the 82 patients, 31 had DLB and 51 had AD. The mean age was 80.99 +/- 7.01, and 69.5% was female. The presence of OH, FoF, depression, and insomnia were more common in the DLB than AD (p < 0.05). 90.3% of patients with DLB and 54.9% of patients with AD had >= 3 geriatric syndromes simultaneously. The presence and co-incidence of geriatric syndromes is common in patients with even early-stage DLB and AD.