Comparison of Reliability of 3 Resonance Frequency Devices: An In Vitro


JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY, vol.48, no.1, pp.9-14, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1563/aaid-joi-d-20-00139
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.9-14
  • Keywords: dental implants, resonance frequency analysis, primary stability, PRIMARY STABILITY, IMPLANT STABILITY, INSERTION TORQUE, MICROMOTION, DESIGN
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of 3 resonance frequency analysis (RFA) devices and to compare the implant stability quotient (ISQ) values according to implant macro design and diameter in 2 different bone densities. A total of 64 implants (Neoss ProActive; Neoss; Harrogate, UK) of varying diameters (3.5 and 4.0 mm) and implant macro design (tapered and straight) were placed in 2 artificial bone blocks (the density of type 2 and 3). The implant primary stability was measured using Osstell IDx (Osstell; Go center dot teborg, Sweden), Osstell Beacon and Penguin RFA (Integration Diagnostics; Go center dot teborg, Sweden). The ISQ value of each implant was measured by 2 observers and recorded 5 times in 2 directions. The intraobserver and interobserver reliability of RFA devices were evaluated. In addition to that, mean ISQ values were calculated for each RFA device to evaluate the effect of implant diameter, implant macro design, and bone density on ISQ values. ISQ values were significantly higher for implants placed within the type 2 bone than for the type 3 bone. The 4.0-mm diameter implants presented higher ISQ values than 3.5-mm diameter implants. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values for intraobserver reliability were above 0.85 for each observer and the ICC values for interobserver reliability were 0.94, 0.93, and 0.98 for Osstell IDx, Osstell Beacon, and Penguin RFA, respectively. Although there was excellent interobserver reliability with 3 RFA devices, the intraobserver reliability of Osstell Beacon and Penguin RFA were slightly better than Osstell IDx. Bone density and implant diameter were parameters affecting the primary stability of implants.