Promoting Neuroplasticity Throughout Childhood by Design


Gözaydınoğlu Ş. , Anılgan T., Kürüm G., Uğurlu Ü.

Experiential Design – Rethinking Relations Between People, Objects and Environments , Florida, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, 16 - 17 January 2020, ss.1-3

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Florida
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1-3

Özet

he brain is constantly being shaped, wittingly and unwittingly, by many environmental factors. Early childhood is considered as a period in which skills are easily acquired and brain development is very rapid. The human brain has an amazing ability, called neuroplasticity to reorganize itself by forming new connections between brain cells (neurons). Neuroplasticity refers to structural and functional changes in the brain in response to both intrinsic and extrinsic challenges. Neuroplasticity enables the brain to adapt to changes in our environment and to improve learning and memory functions.

Interaction with the environment plays a key role in establishing the neural network necessary for normal brain functions throughout life. Human beings develop their genetic properties by interacting with the environment they live in. During the earliest years of life, while critical brain structures are being formed, experiences of a child can have a long-lasting impact on his/her brain development. Therefore, the physical environment in the

early childhood and the materials that a child uses and interacts with, may have enormous impact on a healthy development.

Although there are many environmental stimuli around children nowadays, their contribution to the healthy development of a child is limited or unknown. Children are seen as a potential consumer in the modernist system and companies’ efforts to survive promote populistic instead of realistic and supportive approaches. Individual differences and needs should also be considered while designing places and products for children to boost neuroplasticity, such as to promote creativity, meet their sensory needs, increase the capacity, by design. This paper and presentation aims to highlight proper design strategies for children and discuss being a child in today’s digital world. On the other hand this paper also aims to reveal the significant impact of the environment on us, especially in the childhood. By this way it is aimed to, draw the attention of designers who design the environment and products we