ANGLE ORTHODONTIST, cilt.73, ss.723-729, 2003 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
This article evaluates the usage of distraction osteogenesis (DO) in the treatment of cleft alveoli. The procedure was carried out on eight alveolar clefts of five patients between the ages of 17 and 25 years. Three patients had bilateral alveolar clefts (BAC) and two patients had unilateral alveolar clefts (UAC). DO was carried out bilateral to the palatal segments for the BAC patients and unilateral to the lesser segment for the UAC patients. A custom-made tooth-borne distractor was used. The average amount of distraction was eight mm (range, 5-11.5 mm). The average amount of distal movement of the anchorage teeth was 0.8 mm (range, 0-2 mm). The average amount of inclination changes of the transport segments and anchorage teeth was 7.6degrees (range, 2-17.5degrees) and 3.3degrees (range, 0-9degrees), respectively. Two important problems were observed attributable to the method. First, the transport segment was docked in a more superior position at the end of distraction process. This undesirable movement Also changed the inclination of the teeth in the transport segment and increased tooth tipping. Removing the device in the second week of the consolidation period and retracting the segment to its ideal position orthodontically solved these problems. Second, the bony defect on the nasal side of the alveolar cleft could not be completely closed. This method for repairing small or large alveolar clefts is a simple, cost-effective, and useful treatment option. However, repairing the alveolar cleft without grafts seems to be impossible when using a tooth-borne device.