We studied serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), thyroid hormones (total thyroxine [TT4], free thyroxine [FT4], thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH]), parathyroid hormone (PH), and osteocalcine levels in children with epilepsy who had been receiving long-term carbamazepine (CBZ) therapy to determine whether there was any effect of CBZ therapy on these hormones. The study included 18 patients with epilepsy receiving CBZ and 16 healthy age-matched controls. The age ranged from 4-18 years (11.26 +/- 3.59 years) and 4.5-17 years (11.16 +/- 3.13 years) in the study and control group, respectively. The duration of CBZ use was between 10 months-5 years (3.12 +/- 1.09 years). When comparing the results we did not find any significant difference in serum calcium, phosphorus, ALP, osteocalcine and TSH and PH levels between the groups (p > .05). However, serum TT4 and FT4 levels were found to be significantly lower in the study group than those of control group (p < .05). However, we observed no clinical signs of hypothyroidism in all subjects. To these findings we suggest that serum thyroid hormone levels should be monitored in children receiving long-term CBZ therapy.