TURKISH JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.19, no.3, pp.209-218, 2006 (ESCI)
This study was performed to evaluate and compare the soft palate morphology and nasopharyngeal airway relations of persons with skeletal Class III malocclusions originated from; maxillary retrusion, mandibular protrusion and the combination of maxillary retrusion and mandibular protrusion. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 66 subjects were divided in to three groups according to the Nperp-A and Nperp-Pg variables; Group 1-maxillary retrusion (n: 23; mean age: 13.44 years), Group 2-mandibular protrusion (n: 22; mean age: 13.31 years), and Group 3-combination of maxillary retrusion and mandibular protrusion (n: 21; mean age: 13.04 years). The differences between all Class III groups were evaluated by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan test. Significant differences of the craniofacial structures were observed between all three groups in Nperp-A and SNB (p<0.001); Group 1 and Groups 2 and 3 in Nperp-Pg (p<0.001); Group 2 and Groups 1 and 3 in SNA (p<0.001); Groups 2 and 3 in ANB (p<0.001). Significant differences in nasopharyngeal relations were observed between Groups 2 and 3 in SPL/IPS (p<0.001), SPT-PPW2 (p<0.01) and SPL/SPS (p<0.05). However, the morphology and angulation of the soft palate were similar between all groups.