Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity using response surface methodology from jujube leaves (Ziziphus jujuba) and evaluation of anticholinesterase inhibitory activity

Zemouri-Alioui S., Bey M. B., Kurt B., Sonmez F., Louaileche H.

JOURNAL OF FOOD MEASUREMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION, vol.13, no.1, pp.321-329, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11694-018-9947-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.321-329
  • Keywords: Jujube leaves, Ultrasound-assisted extraction, Response surface methodology, Phenolic contents, Antioxidant activity, Anticholinesterase inhibitory activity, MEDICINAL-PLANTS, IN-VITRO, LEAF, COMPONENTS, INDICA, TEA
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


An ultrasound-assisted procedure for the extraction of phenolics (TPC) and antioxidant activity (AA) from jujube leaves have been investigated using response surface methodology (RSM). The Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the effects of three independent variables, solvent concentration (methanol/water; 40-100%), ultrasound-intensity (20-100%), and extraction time (3-15min) on the responses. The optimal extraction conditions were 64.20% methanol, 73.60% ultrasound intensity, and 13.27min. Under optimal conditions, the corresponding experimental values for TPC and AA were 6098.14mg GAE/100g DMand 4010.63mg AAE/100g DM. The experimental values were in close agreement with those predicted values within a 99% confidence level, thus indicating the suitability of the model and the success of RSM in optimizing the ultrasound assisted extraction of TPC and AA of jujube leaves. The results showed that optimized jujube leaves extract exhibited inhibitory effects on both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase with IC50 of 62.30 +/- 2.54 and 147.00 +/- 2.31 mu g/mL, respectively.