New association between idiopathic scoliosis and Luckenschadel skull (lacunar skull).

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Vehapoglu A.

Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre, vol.31, pp.125-132, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Objective: Luckenschadel skull is a skull that is radiologically characterized by lacunae in the cranial vault. To date, although the association between neurological abnormalities and scoliosis is well recognized, no relationship between idiopathic scoliosis and a lacunar skull has been defined. We explored the incidence and time courses of lacunar skulls in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Materials and Methods: Spinal X-rays of 3,170 children aged 6-16 years with idiopathic scoliosis evaluated from October 2010 to August 2020 were examined for the presence of an irregular inner calvarial table indicative of a Luckenschadel skull. A total of 1,760 (55.5%) of the 3,170 images included the skull. We also explored the frequency of intraspinal abnormalities in children with lacunar skull images who underwent spinal magnetic resonance imaging. Results: The study population consisted of 1,760 children, 1,203 girls (68.4%) and 557 (31.6%) boys. A total of 268 (15.2%) clearly evidenced lacunar skulls in their radiographs; 186 (69.4%) girls (11.3 +/- 4.3 years) and 82 (30.6%) boys (12.6 +/- 3.3 years). Two of the 56 patients (3.6%) who underwent spinal MRI had intraspinal abnormalities (isolated Chiari malformation-I). No additional neurological problems were detected in children with lacunar skulls. Conclusion: We conclude that the lacunar skull is very common in children with idiopathic scoliosis who lack any other neurological pathology. The lacunar skull does not disappear even in adolescence. Although previous publications have stated that lacunar skull disappears over time in radiographic images, we observed that it became more noticeable over time in children with scoliosis. (C) 2021 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel