Effects of pressure-controlled and volume-controlled ventilation on respiratory mechanics and systemic stress response during prone position


Sen O., Bakan M., Umutoglu T., Aydin N., Toptas M., Akkoc I.

SPRINGERPLUS, vol.5, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s40064-016-3435-3
  • Title of Journal : SPRINGERPLUS

Abstract

Background: Prone position during general anesthesia for special surgical operations may be related with increased airway pressure, decreased pulmonary and thoracic compliance that may be explained by restriction of chest expansion and compression of abdomen. The optimum ventilation mode for anesthetized patients on prone position was not described and studies comparing volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during prone position are limited. We hypothesized that PCV instead of VCV during prone position could achieve lower airway pressures and reduce the systemic stress response. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of PCV and VCV modes during prone position on respiratory mechanics, oxygenation, and hemodynamics, as well as blood cortisol and insulin levels, which has not been investigated before.