Health, Environment and Sustainable Development: Interdisciplinary Approach/ HESDIA-2016, Kaunas, Litvanya, 21 - 23 Eylül 2016, ss.25
Musculoskeletal problems are frequently encountered related to the occupational workload and unsuitable physical features of workplace. Ergonomic analysis of both people and the workplace to reveal occupational risk factors prevents the musculoskeletal problems and makes people more efficient in their workplaces. We aimed to determine occupational risk factors by ergonomically analyzing physiotherapists and their workplace.
All physiotherapists (6 male, 2 female with the mean age of 30±1.2) who work in the intensive care unit, neurology, hand surgery, orthopedics and pediatrics departments of Bezmialem Vakif University which is quite new established were included in this study. Their posture analysis were done during working. Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) during patient assessment and treatment was used for ergonomic analysis of the participants. General Social Survey 2010 were used to question participants work-related quality of life. Parameters of workplace ergonomic analysis were room temperature, noise, lighting, and scent.
Participants mean REBA score was 7.13±2.23 (4-10). This indicated that physiotherapists were at medium risk and they should take precautions. Physiotherapists working at neurology unit had more REBA score (10) than the others and those of intensive care unit had the lowest score (4) among them. We found that their workplace was noisy, lack of air condition and enough lightening. According to the results of General Social Survey 2010, physiotherapists liked what they were doing, but they complained about working conditions and determined that their workplace limited them and had negative effect on their physical and mental health.
Parallel to the literature, the outcomes of this study showed that physiotherapists at this university hospital were ergonomically at risk. The results of this study should be considered to design workplaces ergonomically and also to educate physiotherapists with a mind of ergonomics.