PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY, cilt.41, ss.690-693, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Spontaneous tracheobronchial ruptures are uncommon injuries, especially in the pediatric age group. Tracheal injuries, independent of their origin, maybe life-threatening. Here we present the first report of a 14-year-old boy who presented with subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and pneumothorax on day 3, due to spontaneous posterior tracheal-wall rupture following paroxysmal productive coughing. The diagnosis was established using a computed tomography scan of the chest, and tracheobronchoscopy and esophagoscopy under general anesthesia. He was endotracheally intubated and ventilated in the intensive care unit. Such tracheal defects, bridgeable by an endotracheal tube, may permit conservative treatment. The patient was discharged on day 10, and follow-up revealed no late complications.