Background As patient-reported outcome, the Child Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (C-OIDP) has been commonly used for assessing children's oral health needs in order to facilitate oral health service planning. It was translated and cross-culturally adapted into Turkish in 2008. Since then, there is no study to assess its psychometric properties in Turkish child population. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Turkish version of the C-OIDP for use in Turkish primary school children. Methods The Turkish translated version was tested on a convenience sample of primary school children aged 11 to 12 years attending two public schools in Istanbul. Data were collected by clinical examinations, face-to-face interviews and self-completed questionnaires. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion related validity (concurrent and discriminant) were evaluated. Results A total of 208 children were subjected to the tested the C-OIDP. Overall, 93.7% of them reported at least one oral impact in the last 3 months. The most frequently affected performances were "eating" (72.1%) and "cleaning mouth", while the performance with the lowest impact was "studying" (13%). The internal consistency and reproducibility of the C-OIDP were acceptable, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.73 and an intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.83. The EFA yielded a two-factor model termed "functional limitation" and "psychosocial limitation". CFA identified the two- factor model which fit the data better than the previously proposed three-factor model, namely physical, psychological and social health. Having malocclusion, the presence of gum disease, reported history of oral problems in the mouth, dissatisfaction with oral health, bad self-rated oral health and having a problem-oriented pattern of dental attendance were found to be the most important factors related to worse oral health- related quality of life, supporting its criterion-related validity. Conclusion This study provided preliminary evidence the psychometric properties of the C-OIDP index among Turkish school children aged 11-12 years. It may be applied to evaluate the oral health impact on quality of life in this population.