Oxidative and Inflammatory Parameters in Children and Adolescents With ADHD

Koç S., Güler E. M., DERİN S., GÜLTEKİN F., Aktaş S.

Journal of Attention Disorders, vol.27, no.8, pp.880-886, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/10870547231159907
  • Journal Name: Journal of Attention Disorders
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.880-886
  • Keywords: antioxidant, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, IL-6, inflammation, oxidative stress
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: This study aims that oxidative stress and inflammation status in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to their healthy peers. Method: Thirty ADHD and healthy controls were included in this study. ADHD diagnosis according to the DSM-V and Conners’ teacher and parent rating scale by a structured psychiatric interview. Total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), and total and native thiol levels were determined using photometric methods. Presepsin, Interleukin (IL) 1-ß, IL-6, and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were measured with commercial ELISA kits. Results: We showed that TOS and oxidative stress index were significantly higher in the ADHD group, and TAS was lower than in the control group (p<.001). Similarly, IL1-ß, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were statistically higher in the ADHD group. Backward LR regression analysis reveals that TOS and IL-6 predicted ADHD. Conclusion: TOS and IL-6 levels may play a role in the pathogenesis of ADHD.