MACROMOLECULES, vol.42, no.16, pp.6098-6106, 2009 (SCI-Expanded)
A polystyrene copolymer (PS-B-DMAB) possessing both benzophenone and dimethylamino moieties in the side chain was synthesized by a combination of nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization (NMRP) and simultaneous double "click" reactions. First, a random copolymer of styrene (S) and chloromethyl styrene (CMS) with 32 mol % CMS content was prepared by NMRP process. Then, chloromethyl groups were converted to azide groups by reacting with NaN3 in DMF. The other two click components, namely, propargyl benzophenone (Pr-B) and propargyl 4-(dimethylamino)benzoate (Pr-DMAB), were prepared independently by the etherification and esterification reactions, respectively. Then, in the final stage, the obtained alkyne functional chromophoric (Pr-B) and hydrogen-donating (Pr-DMAB) molecules were anchored to azide-modified polystyrene (PS-N-3) in one-step by "click chemistry". The final polymer (PS-B-DMAB) and the intermediates were characterized in detail by spectral analysis and laser flash photolysis studies. The resulting polymer possesses absorption characteristics similar to bare bezophenone. The one-component photoinitiating nature of PS-B-DMAB was demonstrated by photopolymerization of mono- and multifunctional monomers, namely, methyl methacrylate (MMA) and trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), respectively.