This study evaluated the effect of two desensitizer agents with different contents and Nd:YAG laser irradiation on the shear bond strength (SBS) of adhesive resin cements to dentin. New treatment options of Nd:YAG laser irradiation and tetracalcium phosphate-containing agent applications were compared with routinely used glutaraldehyde-containing agents. One hundred and twenty human, caries-free premolars were embedded in acrylic resin blocks 2 mm below the cementoenamel junction. Buccal surfaces of the teeth were ground to expose dentin. The specimens were randomly assigned into three different surface treatments (desensitizing agents, Nd:YAG laser) and the control, then into three different adhesive resin cement applications (n = 10). Resin cements (Panavia SA cement (PA), Panavia SA cement with Clearfil Universal Bond (PACU), and Multilink N (MN)) were applied to the conditioned teeth surfaces using Teflon tubes. The specimens were thermocycled (5000 cycles, 5-55 +/- 1 degrees C, dwell time 30 s). The SBS test was performed in all groups. The results were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (p < .05). Further, SEM analysis was performed on the dentin surfaces. SBS values were significantly difference among the surface treatment groups and also among adhesive resin cement groups (p < .05). The specimen cemented with PA showed lower SBS values than PACU- and MN-applied specimens. The highest SBS value was obtained in the Nd:YAG laser group which was cemented with PACU cement. The lowest SBS value was obtained in the control group which was cemented with PA cement. In addition, SEM evaluation revealed that desensitizing agents and Nd:YAG laser occluded dentin tubules.