MGMT immunoexpression in growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas and its correlation with Ki-67 labeling index and cytokeratin distribution pattern

Zuhur S. S., Tanik C., Karaman Ö., Velet S., Cil E., Ozturk F. Y., ...More

ENDOCRINE, vol.40, no.2, pp.222-227, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12020-011-9485-y
  • Journal Name: ENDOCRINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.222-227
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: No


Recent publications suggest the utility of temozolomide (TMZ) in the management of aggressive pituitary adenomas and carcinomas, resistant to conventional treatments. The response to TMZ is inversely correlated with tumoral expression of O-6 methylguanine DNA methyl transferase (MGMT). Therefore, we aimed to assess MGMT immunoexpression in pure GH-secreting pituitary adenomas, in an effort to predict the likelihood of response to TMZ, and to correlate MGMT immunoexpression with Ki-67 LI and cytokeratin (CK) distribution pattern. Our material consisted of 36 GH-secreting pituitary adenomas (21 female, 15 male, mean age 42.5 +/- 10.5), operated at our center between 2003 and 2010. Immunostaining for MGMT, Ki-67, and CK was performed using avidinbiotin-peroxidase complex method. Immunoreactivity for MGMT and Ki-67 was evaluated microscopically and recorded as percentages of positive nuclear immunostaining. CK distribution pattern was also evaluated microscopically and assoreted into dot-like and nondot-like pattern subtypes. MGMT immunoexpression scored as 0 = none, 1 = <10%, 2 = <25%, 3 = <50%, and 4 = >50%. Staining for MGMT was <10% (score 1) in 30 (83.3%), 10-25% (score 2) in 3 (8.3%), 25-50% (score 3) in 2 (5.6%) and >50% (score 4) in 1 (2.8%) of the tumors, respectively. There was no correlation between Ki-67 LI and CK distribution pattern with MGMT immunoreactivity (P > 0.05). Data from the current study suggest a large proportion of GH-secreting adenomas, including those with dot-like CK distribution pattern and high Ki-67 LI, demonstrate negative/low MGMT immunoreactivity and could be treated with TMZ, if conventional treatment fails.