Relationship between villous atrophy and Wnt pathway gene expressions in pediatric celiac patients

Caliskan M., Dogan G., Orenay-Boyacioglu S.

Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992), vol.69, no.5, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1806-9282.20221496
  • Journal Name: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Bezmialem Vakıf University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by an abnormal immune response occurring in the small intestine linked to consumption of food containing gluten in individuals with a genetic predisposition. Dysregulation of Wnt signal transduction plays a role in the pathogenesis of many diseases including autoimmune diseases like celiac disease. In this study, the correlation of Wnt pathway gene expressions with each other and the correlation with clinical data were researched in pediatric celiac disease cases grouped according to the Marsh classification. METHODS: Gene expression levels of FZD8, DVL2, LRP5, RHOA, CCND2, CXADR, and NFATC1, which are involved in the Wnt pathway, were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 40 celiac disease and 30 healthy individuals. RESULTS: All cases with the short height symptom were observed to be in Marsh 3b\3c groups (p=0.03). The gene expressions of DVL2, CCND2, and NFATC1 were high in the Marsh 3b group, and these genes showed positive correlation with each other (p=0.002). LRP5 and CXADR gene expressions were lower in the Marsh 3b group compared to other Marsh groups, and these genes showed a positive correlation with each other (p=0.003). CCND2 gene expression was associated with Marsh 3b group, diarrhea, and vomiting symptoms. DVL2 gene expression was correlated with Marsh 2 group and constipation symptom (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Wnt signaling in the early stages of the disease of Marsh 1-2 involves high expression of LRP5 and CXADR genes, while expression of these two genes reduces, and DVL2, CCND2, and NFATC1 gene expressions clearly increase with a transduction variation observed from Marsh 3a stage when villous atrophy begins to form. It appears that the Wnt pathway may contribute to disease progression through expression changes.