Oxidative stress and schizophrenia: A comparative cross-sectional study of multiple oxidative markers in patients and their first-degree relatives.


Guler E. M. , Kurtulmus A., Gul A. Z. , Kocyigit A. , Kirpinar I.

International journal of clinical practice, vol.75, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijcp.14711
  • Title of Journal : International journal of clinical practice

Abstract

Objective Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a chronic, disruptive mental disorder with unknown pathogenic mechanisms. Several studies evidenced that oxidative stress (OS) may be one of the causal factors to play a role in the pathophysiology of the disease. Our study aims to contribute to the SCZ research by investigating a possible relationship between the severity of illness (scored with "The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS]") and OS biomarkers in patients. We additionally assess the "first-degree-relatives (FDRs)" oxidative status with multiple parameters to test the idea of oxidative imbalance leads to disease progression as a genetical susceptibility factor. Methods This study included: 50 adult patients with SCZ, 50 unaffected FDRs, and 50 controls. OS biomarkers included myeloperoxidase (MPO), total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), total thiol (TT), native thiol (NT). Photometric methods were used to measure the parameters in the peripheral blood samples of participants. Disulphide (DS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) parameters were calculated. Results TOS, DS, OSI levels were significantly higher, and TAS, TT, NT levels were significantly lower in both SCZ and FDRs than controls. In the SCZ group, MPO activity was significantly higher compared with other groups. Results in this study did not provide a strong correlation between the PANSS and selected biomarkers. There was a slightly negative correlation between TT and PANSS in the SCZ group (P = .041, r = -.297). Conclusion OS biomarkers increased significantly in the peripheral blood of SCZ patients compared with other groups indicates the presence of OS in the aetiology of the disease. Mid-levels of oxidative markers found in FDRs imply that unaffected first-degree relatives have an increased risk for turning up to the clinical presentation stage.