The prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its effects on female university students' quality of life: what can we do in primary care?

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Özder A. , Salduz Z.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, cilt.13, ss.6496-6505, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.6496-6505


This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students studying in the field of health sciences and to evaluate the effects of the students' socio-demographic characteristics on the condition. A cross-sectional survey of 658 students was conducted by questionnaire at a health sciences university in Turkey. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on dysmenorrhea. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed using the generic 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and depressive symptoms were assessed with the BDI included in the survey. A visual analogue scale was used to assess the severity of dysmenorrhea. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 79.7% (524 out of 658 students). Age of menarche (P = 0.001), menstrual flow (P = 0.000), drinking coffee (P = 0.001) and having a family history of dysmenorrhea were significantly associated with dysmenorrhea in a multivariable analysis. Furthermore, 42.7% of the students with dysmenorrhea missed at least one day of school and 5.3% missed at least one exam. The high prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students is a significant health problem requiring attention, and the need for on-the-job training of primary care physicians on the management of primary dysmenorrhea should be considered.