Papillary Lesions of the Breast: Addition of DWI and TIRM Sequences to Routine Breast MRI Could Help in Differentiation Benign from Malignant


GÜLTEKİN M. A. , ÇELİK YABUL F., OTÇU TEMUR H., SARI L., YILMAZ T. F. , TOPRAK H., ...More

CURRENT MEDICAL IMAGING, vol.18, no.9, pp.962-969, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2174/1573405618666220218101931
  • Journal Name: CURRENT MEDICAL IMAGING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.962-969
  • Keywords: Breast MRI, diffusion weighted imaging, papillary breast lesions, TIRM sequences, benign breast lesion, mammography, CORE-NEEDLE-BIOPSY, CONTRAST-ENHANCED MRI, INTRADUCTAL PAPILLOMAS, FEATURES, DIAGNOSIS, ULTRASOUND, CARCINOMA, VALUES, RISK

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of benign, atypical, or malignant papillary breast lesions and to assess the additional value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and turbo inversion recovery magnitude (TIRM) sequences to routine breast MRI. Background: Differentiation between benign and malignant papillary breast lesions is essential for patient management. However, morphologic features and enhancement patterns of malignant papillary lesions may overlap with those of benign papilloma. Methods: Seventy-two papillary breast lesions (50 benign, 22 atypical or malignant) were included in the current study, retrospectively. We divided the patients into two groups: benign papillary breast lesions and atypical or malignant papillary breast lesions. Morphologic, dynamic, turbo inversion recovery magnitude (TIRM) values and diffusion features of the papillary lesions were compared between two groups. Results: Benign papillary lesions were smaller in size (p=0.006 and p=0.005, for radiologists 1 and 2 respectively), closer to the areola (p=0.045 and 0.049 for radiologist 1 and 2 respectively), and had higher ADC values (p=0.001 for two radiologists) than the atypical or malignant group. ROC curves showed diagnostic accuracy for ADC (AUC=0.770 and 0.762, p & lt; 0.0001 for two radiologists), and showed a cut-off value of <= 957 x 10-6 mm(2/s) (radiologist 1) and <= 910 x 10-6 mm(2/s) (radiologist 2). Conclusion: MRI is a useful method for differentiation between benign and malignant papillary breast lesions. Centrally located, lesser in size, and higher ADC values should be considered benign, whereas peripherally located, larger in size, and lower ADC values should be considered malignant.